This striking submarine design was drawn by a Danish Naval engineering officer name William Hovgaard while a student at the Royal Naval College, Greenwich, England. A fellow student and friend was David W. Taylor, who later became an admiral in the U. S. Navy. The plan was intended as a student design proposal and appears to be a rather advanced design in 1885. In 1901, the U. S. Navy and MIT selected Hovgaard to become the head of a new area focused on naval engineering within MIT's Department of Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering. This course, originally called XIII-A, was created to become the primary post-graduate program for U. S. Navy engineering officers. Hovgaard remained head of this important course until 1933. In this capacity he published numerous influential works on naval construction. This course is still being taught at MIT. Graduates have participated in virtually all U. S. Naval sea systems development since 1905.